धर्म : स्पष्ट अनुहार सबैको

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रामकृष्ण उपाध्याय

वर्तमान विश्वमा दुई धर्म परिवारको प्रभावशाली उपस्थिति रहेको छ ।

क)    ओमकार परिवार – हिन्दू, बौद्ध, किराँत, जैन, सिख, बोन्पो आदि ।

ख)    अब्राहमिक धर्म परिवार – यहुदी, इसाई, मुसलमान र बहाई ।

आजसम्मको धार्मिक इतिहास यस्तो छ :

अब्राहमिक धर्म परिवारका धर्महरु एक आपसमा सधैँ झगडा गर्दै आइरहेका छन् । यहुदीका लागि इसाईहरु पापी हुन् । इसाई र मुसलमान एक अर्काको अस्तित्व स्वीकार गर्दैनन् । आजसम्म धर्मको नाममा सबैभन्दा बढी युद्ध पनि यिनै दुईबीच भएको छ । आजको दुनियाँमा इसाई चाहिँ बाइबल समातेर विश्वमा एकाधिकार जमाउने उद्देश्य बोकेर हिँडिरहेको छ भने मुसलमान चाहिँ हतियार बोकेर ।

इसाईभित्र पनि अर्थोडक्स, क्याथोलिक, प्रोटेस्टेण्ट आदि समूहहरु छन् । यिनीहरुको धर्मग्रन्थ बाइबल हो तर व्याख्या भिन्दा भिन्दै छ । क्याथोलिकका लागि प्रोटेस्टेण्ट पापी हो, झुठो छ भने प्रोटेस्टेण्टका लागि क्याथोलिक । अझ, यसभित्र पनि थुप्रै समूहहरु छन् – रोमन क्याथोलिक, म्याक्सिकन आदि के के हो के के हो !

मुसलमानभित्र सिया र सुन्नी छन् । सिया शान्तिप्रिय छन् र विकासको पथमा अगाडि बढिरहेका छन् । सुन्नीहरुको नजरमा सिया काँतर र अधार्मिक हुन् । त्यसैले सुन्नीहरु सियालाई मार्न पनि पछाडि पर्दैनन् ।

अब कुरा गरौँ ओमकार परिवारको :

आजसम्मको इतिहासमा ओमकार धर्म परिवारभित्र धर्मको नाममा ठूला लडाईँहरु भएको इतिहास छैन । साना–साना झगडाहरु चाहिँ भएका छन् । ओमकार परिवार शान्तिप्रिय छ । त्यसैले आजको दुनियाँमा सबैभन्दा बढी अत्याचार सहन बाध्य छ । ओमकार परिवारभित्र कुनै एक धर्मले अर्को धर्मलाई निषेध गरेको देखिँदैन । सबै धर्मले सबै धर्मका भगवान, धर्मगुरु तथा धार्मिक स्थलको आदर गरेको, पूजा गरेको देख्न पाइन्छ । पाथिभारा होस् या बुढासुब्बा होस् या बौद्धनाथ होस् या गुरुद्वारा होस् या पशुपतिनाथ वा दुर्गा होस्, सबैका लागि आपसमा पुजनीय छन्, दर्शनीय छन् ।

यो धार्मिक एकता आजको दिनसम्म पनि टुट्न सकेको छैन ।

तर परिदृश्य अब बदलिँदै गइरहेको छ :

अब्राहमिक धर्म परिवारको निशानामा परेको छ ओमकार परिवार । कतै जातीय मुक्तिको नारा दिइएको छ, कतै भेदभावको नारा दिइएको छ, कतै धार्मिक अतिक्रमणको नारा दिइएको छ त कतै बौद्ध, किरात र बोन्पोहरु ओमकार परिवारका होइनन्, छुट्टै हुन् भनिएको छ ।

हामीले बुझ् पर्ने केही कुराहरु :

क) जसरी अब्राहमिक धर्म परिवार आफैँमा चिरा चिरा परेको र एउटै परिवारको हुँदा हुँदै पनि एक अर्काको अस्तित्व स्वीकार गर्दैन्, के त्यस्तो हामी माझ आजसम्म भएको छ ?

ख) के हामी हामी माझ धर्म प्रचारका लागि हतियारको युद्ध भएर लाखौँको मृत्यु भएको छ, जसरी अब्राहमिक धर्म परिवारका धर्महरुले आपसमा धर्मको नाममा युद्ध गरेर आफ्नै धर्म परिवारका लाखौँ मान्छेहरु मारे ।

ग) के हामी सबैको मन्त्र ओम होइन् ? अनि के हामी सबैका लागि औँशी र पूर्णे अनि पुजापाठहरुको समानता छैन ? के हाम्रा धार्मिक संस्कारहरु समान छैनन् ?

घ) आज धर्म इसाई अँगालेको व्यक्ति आफ्नो थर देखाउँदै आफूलाई किराँत, मुलवासी, आदिवासी, जनजाति, बुद्धिष्ट हुँ भन्दै हिन्दु धर्मलाई गाली गर्छ । इसाईहरुले तिमीहरुको धर्म नाश गरिसक्यो, त्यतातिर ध्यान देऊ भन्दा जवाफ दिन्छ – धर्म परिवर्तन व्यक्तिको नैसर्गिक अधिकार हो । मलाई इसाइसँग होइन, हिन्दूसँग रिस छ ।

ङ) हिन्दू धर्ममा जातीय विभेद कतै छन् । हामी माझ व्याप्त जातीय विभेदको मानसिकताको अन्त्य गरौँ । अनि हामी ओमकार परिवारहरु आफ्नो इतिहास खोजौँ, बाहिरियाको बहकाउमा आउँदा आगो हाम्रै घरभित्र लाग्नेछ, बाहिरियाको घरमा लाग्ने छैन ।

साभार : राम कृष्ण उपाध्यायको फेसबुकबाट

 

1 COMMENT

  1. Muslim and Christian religions took birth long after the creation of Hindu religion and its civilization. An extensive and erudite amalgam of Hindu knowledge brings together the scholarly and the spiritual. It reflects the culture of one of the oldest and the riches living civilizations of the world in all its glory and splendor. It is proved that Jesus was influenced on Vedic Hindu philosophy.
    The ancient Vedic Hindu religion is the genesis of civilization. Vedic traditional Hinduism of the old age is the devotee of the Panchadeva (five Gods). ‘Omkar Jagat (followers of OM) is the devotee of Vedic Hindu traditions. The worship of Gods and Goddess- Ganesh (an elephant headed God), Bhagawati (Goddess), Surya (Sun), Shiva (Lord Shiva) and Bishnu (the creator of the world), is compulsory for one who is facing crisis. We confer respect to one another on account of the ancient Vedic Hindu religion. Among all religions of the world, Hindu religion is considered as an ancient religion that is recognized as the foundation of civilization and as the most liberal democratic way of life. When present India (Hindustan) was not in existence, there were more than 25 nations, 250 years ago, the great King Prithvi Narayan Shah expressed –”Nepal is true Hindustan.”
    ‘The first written evidence of Hinduism that we can read is the Rig Veda, a long poem in Sanskrit probably composed about 1000 BC. People sang or recited the Rig Veda for hundreds of years before it was written down around 300 BC. The Rig Veda is a bunch of hymns (HIMS) (songs for the gods), magic spells, and instructions for what to say when you are sacrificing animals. The Rig Veda mentions many different gods (polytheism). Most of the gods are male, and many of them are sky gods or weather gods like a god of rain, Indra, or like Varuna, the god of the sea. People sacrificed animals to their gods. The Rig Veda also tells us that people sometimes got in touch gods talking to them. (We don’t know now what soma was made of). Both Soma and the fire of sacrifice (Agni) were thought of as gods themselves, too. About 600 BC, the idea of reincarnation became more and more common among Hindus. Most people began to think that after you died you would be reborn into another body. If you had been good, and lived in accordance with dharma, you would get a good body, like a princess. If you had been bad, you would come back as a cockroach or a rat. Gradually people began to hate the idea that you had to be endlessly reborn in different forms. They wanted to get free of the wheel of rebirth, and just be left alone. People began to think that sacrificing animals was a burden on your karma, or fate that prevented you from getting free of reincarnation. Around 300 BC, people began to worship new gods, who didn’t need animal sacrifices. These new gods were Vishnu and Shiva. Generally people gave Vishnu and Shiva flowers, incense, prayers, fruit, or music, but they didn’t kill animals for them. They began to worship Vishnu and Shiva more, and paid less attention to their old gods Indra and Varuna and the others. One example where they’re sacrificing fruit is the story of how Ganesh cursed the moon. Much later, between 400 and 650 AD, at the end of the Gupta period, another new god came into Hinduism. This new god was a Mother Goddess. Cows were sacred to this Mother Goddess, and so Hindus gradually stopped eating beef. Like Vishnu and Shiva, the Mother Goddess had many incarnations and many names. Parvati, Uma, and Annapurna were beautiful goddesses, who brought blessings to people. But other incarnations were called Kali, Chandi, Durga or Chamunda, and these goddesses were terrible giants with black skin, huge red tongues that stick out, and fierce tusks. These had many arms and each arm held a weapon, and they wore necklaces of skulls or human heads.’ (Google’s online)
    Hinduism is the mother of all religions.The religious structure of Nepalese society is formally Hindu; but here and only here the interplay of peoples and their religious traditions has produced a rich fusion of Hindu and Buddhist faiths. It is common for both Hindus and Buddhists to worship at the same shrine, for many gods and saints are cross-over, often known by a different name but holding the same attributes.
    About 950 years ago the Muslims invaded India. Their aim was to conquer, convert, destroy and loot. Due to their notorious attacking they were successful. At that time Muslims burned many Hindus- temples and erected mosques on top of the burned out temples and on other locations also. In the ruling time of Muslim in India.Hindus have always opened their hearts to all faiths across the globe, protected them, sheltered them, nourished them, never abused them, never terrorized them, and only allowed them total freedom to practice their faith without demeaning them, terrorizing them, destroying their places of worship and forcing them to convert. If we want to know the historical facts of invade by Muslims and Christians we should understand the reality and its pre- historical accounts.
    Thank you
    Dirgha Raj Prasai
    Kathmandu