War, People vs. People?

Here lies the ‘real politik’. ‘Janata’ proven to have the support of two-thirds of the Nepali voters are in the power, and the rest of ‘Janata’ is signaling, overtly or otherwise, to ignite another devastating and bloody spell of war in the name of people’s empowerment.

By Deepak Gajurel

Deepak Gajurel‘Janata’ the people are sovereign. They are the supreme who can steer the nation whatever way they wish, and they do away whoever comes their way. Nepali Janata have proven this capability time and again in the past.

Nepali people stood against the Ranas, because Ranas were not Janata, they were rulers, meaning Ranas were above the people. Spontaneously or with the support from without, Nepali Janata launched a successful armed revolt against the Ranas. That was 65 years back.

Unfortunately, that powerful, capable and sovereign Nepali Janata could not hold on the ‘people’s rule’ for long and the people handed over the reign of the nation to Shah King, who started partyless Panchayat polity. The descendants of the Nepali Nation’s Unifier, Shah Kings ruled Nepal that lasted no less than three decades.

Apparently, any anti-Janata rule could not have survived for 30 years. That’s too long for the people of a ‘twentieth century modern’ country.

After 30 years of experiences with Panchayat rule, headed by the King in the Narayanhiti Royal Palace, Nepali Janata once again sprung up against the ruler, the King. The difference this time, from that of 1950, was rulers were Shah Kings, not Rana Shree Teen Maharaj.

And lo! Nepali Janata proved their omnipotence and the King was made to bow to introduced multi-party polity in 1990, that was in accordance with the ‘wish’ of the Janaandolan I. Janata’s wish prevailed because this time round again their struggle was with a ruler.

The politicians of the Aandolan claimed that 1990 constitution was ‘the best democratic’ one in the world. It is entirely another matter that almost all the provisions of that unfortunate constitution was violated, once or more, by the same democratic leaders during its 15-year life.

Though famous British theory of ‘King can do no wrong’ was the main thrust of the 1990 constitution, the people were made to believe that the King was playing villain.

At the same time, people’s leaders ‘agreed to disagree’ in the name of how to empower mass Nepali people. Thus, began a destructive bloody civil war, which was named ‘people’s war.’ It was interesting that people’s war was fought with bullets and bombs against the ‘people’s representatives’ regime in Singh Darbar.

Here, a clever trick was successfully applied, that the people’s war was being fought against the King’s rule. The politicians at the helm of the regime, under 1990 constitution, were playing foul which ultimately took shape of an alliance among ‘democratic’ and ‘revolutionary’ forces.

What factors were behind the formation and handling of that alliance and for what interests is another aspect altogether. The result was not unexpected. The King, the ruler, was forced to bow before the people and give up all his ‘state authority.’

The Janaandolan II 2006 was the extraordinary turning point in the history of Nepal. This not only changed the polity, overthrew Monarchy and empowered Nepali Janata with all ultimate rights, it’s most important ‘achievement’ was proclaimed to be the establishment of people’s rule in Nepal.

Currently, that is, since almost one decade, Monarchy is absent in Nepali politics. No ‘ruler’ is anywhere in the scene. Everywhere, from the grassroots to Singh Darbar, people’s representatives prevail. The country is entirely and de facto ruled by the people’s representatives, Loktantra, as proudly claimed by the politicians. There is no room for any ‘ruler’ in current Nepal polity.

However, Nepali Janata do not seem satisfied. A section of people’s representatives are ruling the country ‘legitimately’ having almost two-thirds majority of votes in 601-mamber parliament, which also has the job of drafting a new constitution.

Another ‘Janata’, now led by 30- party coalition, is in the street demanding their ‘wish’ be fulfilled unconditionally. They are not only agitating ‘peacefully’ but threatening to resort to arms struggle against the government.

Here lies the ‘real politik’. ‘Janata’ proven to have the support of two-thirds of the Nepali voters are in the power, and the rest of ‘Janata’ is signaling, overtly or otherwise, to ignite another devastating and bloody spell of war in the name of people’s empowerment.

The net result: for the first time in the history of his Himalayan nation, people is rising up against people. What does this mean? Where does actual problem lie: in the rulers? Or is it Nepali Janata? And who forced this nation into this quagmire, and for whose, what interest?

It would be interesting to know the logical answer, even if not satisfactory.


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