By

Deepak Gajurel, Political Scientist,

and

Bindesh Dahal, Geopolitical Analyst

The analytical discussions, held virtually, between two experts are summarized, thus:

  • India has for decades been occupying a patch of Nepal’s land at Nepal’s north-western edge.
  • India claims the area covering Kalapani, Lipulek and Limpiyadhura which is an integral part of Nepal.
  • Since the dispute is raised by Indian government, Nepal has been firm on its stand.
  • An official map showing this land into Nepal’s sovereignty, has been proclaimed by Nepal government.
  • Linking this issue to unnamed ‘third party,’ Indian army chief accused Nepal of acting against India on behest of someone else, implying China.
  • At the same time, a quarter of Indian intelligentsia and has been linking this whole gamut to India’s past wrong doings in Nepal’s domestic politics.
  • Joining the bandwagon are some prominent retired military officers. Personalities, like retired Major General Bakshi, explicitly have, in television interviews, revealed that India’s establishment in the past has engineered polity changes in Nepal.
  • Monarchy was overthrown, and a republic was brought into in Nepal with India’s sponsorship, Bakshi said. It is noteworthy that General Bakshi was in office, not retired, at the time of regime change back in 2006.
  • He has also accused Indian establishment of misusing Nepali political parties and their leader against Monarchy. ‘And this was the suicidal goal India scored in the affairs of this Himalayan Kingdom,’ Bakshi said.
  • A common voice is emanating from Delhi: India brought up the Nepali communists and raised them into the throne; the same communists are working against India’s interests; they are acting for some other force, implying China.
  • Historical documents suggest that India, since its birth in 1947, has been pushing Nepali rulers to sign a treaty that would handover Nepal’s Defense and Foreign affairs into India’s control, but in vain so far.
  • Since the political change of 1950, India has been desperately working to achieve its hidden agenda, of taking control of Nepal’s Defense and Foreign affairs. And mobilizing Nepali political parties and leaders against the establishment of the time.
  • Nearly half a dozen letters from then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, published in MP Koirala’s autobiography (A Role in a Revolution) are the evidences that India has the motive of bringing Nepal into its sphere, since then.
  • Geopolitical and strategic dynamics of the Himalayan Asia have shifted, especially after the demise of Soviet Union as the world’s super power, and external powers too have entered into the scene in Kathmandu domestic political game.
  • The West, led by the United States, and China have, sometimes explicitly, been racing marathons serving their own interests here.
  • Now, India finds itself in a multi-faceted power struggle in Nepal. And, other forces are too powerful for India to get through, meaning, India has lost its, a sort of, ‘historical’ monopoly in shaping Nepal’s domestic politics.
  • This is where India seems to be puzzled what to do with these Nepali leaders, and the forces behind them.

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